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General Cytology

Examination of body fluids such as urine, sputum, respiratory (bronchial washings, brushings, bronchoalevolar lavage), joint fluid, peritoneal, pleural and ascetic fluids for the presence of malignant cells.

Urines are reported using the Paris system for reporting urine cytology 2016.

Click for more information about the Paris System


Why cytological examination of body fluids?

Examination of these fluids will enable the detection of malignant or pre-malignant cells that will enable clinical management that may lead to surgical resection and other forms of clinical investigations.